According to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022 released on Wednesday, the proportion of out-of-school girls in India fell to an all-time low of 2 percent in 2022.
The report also noted that despite the overall decline, three states — Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh — had more than 10 percent of girls out of school, a cause for concern.
The overall proportion of girls out of school was 4.1 percent in 2018 and 10.3 percent in 2006.
“This is even tougher because nationally fewer girls between the ages of 15 and 16 are now out of school. However, there are three states of concern, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, which still have more girls. Out of school. More than 10 percent of these older girls are out of school,” the report said.
ASER is a nationwide, citizen-led household survey that provides a snapshot of children’s schooling and learning in rural India. The first ASER survey was conducted in 2005 and was repeated every year for 10 years.
ASER 2022 is the first “core” field-based survey after a gap of four years. It also comes at a time when children have returned to school after a long period of school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The latest study surveyed a total of 19,060 villages in rural India covering 3,74,544 households and 6,99,597 children aged 3 to 16 years.
In 2006, the all-India figure for the percentage of girls in the 11-14 age group who were out of school was 10.3 percent, which declined over the next decade to 4.1 percent in 2018.
“The ratio has been steadily declining. In 2022, the all-India figure for the 11-14 group not enrolled in school is 2 percent. The figure is about 4 percent in Uttar Pradesh and lower in all other states. Enrollment in schools The decline in the proportion of non-taking girls is even sharper among girls aged 15-16.
In 2008, nationally, more than 20 percent of girls aged 15–16 were not enrolled in school.
“Ten years later, in 2018, this figure had dropped to 13.5 percent. The out-of-school ratio of 15-16-year-old girls continues to decline, to 7.9 percent in 2022. Only three states More than 10 percent of girls in this age group are out of school: Madhya Pradesh (17 percent), Uttar Pradesh (15 percent), and Chhattisgarh (11.2 percent),” she said.
The report also pointed out that since 2018, enrollment in public schools has increased despite the prolonged closure during the pandemic, with school enrollment figures increasing.
Currently, the non-enrollment rate for children aged 6 to 14 is about half of what it was in 2018 and the lowest in a decade since the Right to Education Act came into force.