Cervical Cancer Awareness: Cervical cancer is the type of cancer that starts in the cells of the cervix – the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Symptoms of cervical cancer include vaginal bleeding between periods and after intercourse. Generally, lower abdominal pain and lower back pain also indicate cervical cancer. However, in some cases, cervical cancer does not show any symptoms at all in the early stages. But with a little caution Cervical cancer is preventable., and the risk of developing this cancer can be reduced. January is observed as Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, during which awareness is spread about the disease.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Rashmi Rekha Bora, Consultant, Gynecology Oncology Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram said, “More than 99% of cervical cancer cases are caused by cervical HPV infection, which is a There is a disease. sexually transmitted disease (STD), the infection is usually asymptomatic and transient. There are more than 100 genotypes of HPV that have been identified, and of those identified, approximately 13 types can cause invasive cervical cancer and are associated with high oncogenic risk (16,18,31,33 ,35) is called 39,45,51,52,56,58,59,66) (WHO 2007). The two most common are 16 and 18, which cause about 70% of all invasive cervical carcinomas (60% are related to HPV 16 and 10% to HPV 18).
Adding to this, Dr Tejendra Kataria, Chairperson, Radiation Oncology, Cancer Centre, Medanta – The Medicity said, “Primary prevention of cervical cancer Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is included, starting between the ages of 9-11 for girls. All women should be vaccinated by age 26 or before first sexual intercourse. A two- or three-vaccination schedule is recommended and 99% of women who complete the vaccination can prevent cervical cancer. There are many types of HPV, but the most common types that cause cancer are types 16 and 18.
Dr Tejendra Kataria recommends regular screening to prevent cervical cancer – “Secondary prevention means acetic acid or lugol iodine (VIA/VILI), Pap smear (Pap test or Pap smear) and visual screening with HPV. Regular screening to detect pre-existing lesions on the cervix by examination DNA (Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid) testing are other tests used for early diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer Abnormalities such as dysplasia grade 1 It can take 15-20 years for the lesion to progress to cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated surgically to prevent it.”
Dr. Rashmi Rekha Bora recommends HPV vaccination for all adolescents as part of their routine vaccinations, which can begin at age 9.