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Don’t ignore borderline diabetes; Learn the symptoms and lifestyle changes to reverse it.

Health & FitnessDon't ignore borderline diabetes; Learn the symptoms and lifestyle changes to reverse it.

border Diabetes And Pre-diabetes are the same and the former is used informally. This is a condition that can develop before type 2 diabetes, but not all people with it will develop diabetes. To put it simply, prediabetes is a health condition where you Blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not enough to diagnose type 2 diabetes. The good thing is that it is highly reversible and all you have to do is introduce some healthy lifestyle changes into your life and stick to them to avoid metabolic disease. (Also read: (Diabetes: Bedtime Rituals That Can Help Manage Blood Sugar)

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose, the body’s primary source of energy. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and is characterized by insulin resistance or the inability to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. Pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes is usually asymptomatic and you may have it for years without knowing it. It can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. If you have risk factors for diabetes, regular health check-ups are important to diagnose pre-diabetes.

“Prediabetes, sometimes called ‘borderline diabetes,’ is a condition that can develop before type 2 diabetes and increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is therefore called a precursor to type 2 diabetes. Understandable. Borderline diabetes is not used in the scientific literature. Fortunately, developing pre-diabetes is not inevitable. According to research, many people with borderline diabetes do not progress to type 2 diabetes. can be prevented and even restored by making lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, and eating a nutritious diet to maintain normal blood sugar levels. I can be of help,” says Dr. Ranjith Annikrishnan- Vice Chairman, Dr. Mohan’s Diabetes Specialty Center.

What exactly is borderline diabetes?

“Borderline diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. For example, if your fasting blood glucose is If the level is greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl, then you are considered diabetic, while you are considered normal if your fasting blood glucose is less than 100 mg/dl. Therefore, If your fasting blood sugar is 120 mg/dl, you may have borderline diabetes,” says Dr V Mohan – Chairman and Chief Diabetologist, Dr Mohan’s Diabetes Specialty Centre.

What could be the symptoms?

Borderline diabetes is diagnosed only through a blood test, and most of the time, there are no symptoms, says Dr V Mohan.

If the condition progresses to diabetes, diabetes-related symptoms such as:

• Frequent urination

• Increased thirst

• Increased appetite

• Fatigue

• Blurred vision

• Numbness or tingling in the feet or hands

• Delayed wound healing

Why should borderline diabetes be a cause for concern?

Borderline diabetes is a warning sign that you may develop type 2 diabetes, a more serious condition, in the future, Dr. Mohan says. About one-third of people with borderline diabetes progress to diabetes, and this progression is faster and more likely in Indians. Also, if you have borderline diabetes, you are more likely to develop heart disease (disease of the heart and blood vessels), especially if you have other risk factors such as high cholesterol, high Blood pressure and smoking.

How is borderline diabetes diagnosed?

To diagnose borderline diabetes, a blood glucose test is essential. It is possible to perform a fasting blood glucose test, a glucose tolerance test, or an HbA1c test. To confirm the diagnosis, the test may need to be repeated several times.

Who should go for these tests?

If you have risk factors for diabetes, you should consider getting yourself tested. These include

– Being overweight or obese

– To grow up

– Having diabetes in the family

– Having diabetes during pregnancy or giving birth to an older child.

“The Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) is a useful tool for determining a person’s chances of developing diabetes. The risk score is calculated by answering four questions and measuring the waist with a one-inch tape measure. “You should get a blood test to determine if you have diabetes or borderline diabetes if your score is 60 or higher,” says Dr. Mohan.

How can borderline diabetes be managed?

No matter how likely your family is to develop diabetes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can reduce your risk of pre-diabetes. It also has the potential to help normalize and slow down the progression of borderline diabetes.

Lifestyle changes to reverse borderline diabetes

Nutritionist Amasakthi suggests some healthy lifestyle changes to treat prediabetes.

• Consume a nutritious diet.

• Maintain regular physical activity

If overweight, start a weight loss program.

“It has been shown that losing as much as 5 percent of one’s body weight can reduce the risk of developing diabetes from borderline diabetes. Similarly, reducing carbohydrate intake, increasing protein intake, and healthy “Changing fats can help in reversal. Bringing borderline diabetes back to its normal state. In some cases medication can also help. You can talk to your diabetes specialist for help,” Amasakthi said. say

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