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Monday, January 30, 2023

Dos and Don’ts for Kidney Transplant Recipients

Health & FitnessDos and Don'ts for Kidney Transplant Recipients

Kidneys can be a ‘silent killer’ because kidney The disease is usually silent for a long time, but with regular and routine check-ups, kidney disease can be detected early and treated before it becomes fatal. Health of the patient. People who are more likely to develop kidney disease are diabetics, people who were born with low birth weight, people who have heart problems, high blood pressure and obesity or who have a family history of A history of kidney disease and these people should get their kidneys tested regularly. Because they may be in danger.

The kidneys play an important role in filtering waste and excess fluid from the body, and they also help regulate body chemistry by controlling the amount of salt, water, and other chemicals in the body. May suffer from chronic disease. Do your best. It is a well-known fact that the kidneys filter out waste products, excess water and other impurities from the blood through urine, and not only that, the kidneys also play a role in regulating the body’s pH, salt and potassium levels and maintaining good bone health. are also responsible for activating vitamin D for and regulates muscle function but there is still a lack of awareness regarding kidney disease and hence a large number of people require dialysis.

Most of the symptoms associated with kidney failure are quite vague such as weakness, loss of appetite and in fact, in most cases, patients already have end-stage renal failure when they present to their doctor. Medical features like swelling in lower limbs, frothy urine, persistent loss of appetite are often ignored by patients, but if one is experiencing such problems, consultation with a doctor is essential.

Additionally, people with end-stage kidney disease may need a kidney transplant, so try to make sure you take extra care of yourself. Health experts insist that you take medications only when prescribed by a doctor because taking medicine at the drop of a hat can cause kidney disease, and OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen can cause kidney damage. , so consult your doctor before opting for a kidney. Safe treatment if you are nursing pain.

Dr. Vinod Kumar, Consultant – Nephrology & Renal Transplantation, Aster RV Hospital shared, “There is no doubt that kidney transplantation is the best treatment option for patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (a permanent form of kidney failure). An alternative option is dialysis, which has its advantages and disadvantages. However, kidney transplantation is also not free from all problems. Although the quality of life after kidney transplantation is much better than that of dialysis, post-transplantation The recipient has to be extra cautious, cautious and responsible. He suggested some dos and don’ts after kidney transplant surgery. These include –

of the:

Take plenty of oral fluids. During the first few days after transplantation, it is recommended to consume 3 to 5 liters of fluid.

· Take anti-rejection drugs (immunosuppressive drugs) in the right dose and at the right time as prescribed by the doctor. Set alarms or reminders in your mobile phone so you don’t miss a meal.

Wear a surgical mask while going out, take boiled and cold water.

· Take freshly prepared food from home. If you are a vegetarian, cook meat and fish thoroughly before eating.

Exercise regularly for 30 to 45 minutes a day at least 5 days a week (150 minutes a week total). Brisk walking, running, cycling and swimming can be considered.

If the medical condition is stable, you can return to your job three months after the transplantation surgery.

Regular follow-up with the doctor is very important. During the initial days, you may need to visit the doctor twice a week and the frequency of visits will decrease over time.

Your appetite increases significantly after a transplant. Drugs used increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes and high cholesterol after a kidney transplant. Following a healthy diet is very important. Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fiber, whole grains, lean meats, poultry and fish. Reduce salt intake, fatty foods and high carbohydrate foods.

· If a family member has fever, cold and cough, self-isolate until their symptoms subside.

Don’t:

Avoid heavy lifting for at least one month after kidney transplant surgery.

· Do not stop anti-rejection medicine without doctor’s advice. Non-compliance with medication can trigger rejection. If you miss a dose, please take the pill as soon as you remember.

Avoid NSAIDs (pain relievers) and other nephrotoxic drugs (drugs that can damage the kidneys). Always consult a nephrologist before taking any new medication.

Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice. Avoid pomegranate and its juice. Both of these fruits will interact with anti-rejection treatments.

Some antibiotics also interact with anti-rejection treatments. Take the opinion of the treating nephrologist before taking it.

Avoid undercooked meat. Avoid eating outside food or bringing food parcels from outside and eating it.

Avoid crowded places like malls, religious places of worship and family events. Be careful using the public transport system, especially in the early stages.

Avoid heavy visitors in the early days after surgery as the risk of infection increases. It is a common practice in our country for friends, relatives and neighbors to visit a person after a major illness. This should be strictly avoided.

· Immunosuppressive drugs are given to prevent rejection of the transplanted organ. If you miss a dose, it can lead to rejection. Also, these medicines lower your body’s immunity and thus increase the risk of infection. Strict adherence to infection control practices is of utmost importance. Finding the right balance between these two factors determines the success of the transplant.

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