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Friday, February 3, 2023

Experts condemned the transfer of Hyderpur wetland to aquifer.

World NewsIndia NewsExperts condemned the transfer of Hyderpur wetland to aquifer.

Uttar Pradesh’s irrigation department drained the Hyderpur wetland, a protected Ramsar site considered by some to be the best upland area in northern India, allowing tens of thousands of migratory birds to migrate to western Uttar Pradesh. The most prominent birds had to be forced to leave the site. Officials admitted that this was done under pressure from farmers who complained of water logging in their fields due to high groundwater levels.

Hyderpur Wetland is a Ramsar site – a wetland of national and international importance – on the border of Muzaffarnagar and Bijnor districts.

Ashish Loya, a birder and has been visiting the wetland every day for the past six years, said the irrigation department drained the water from the wetland in two days starting January 10. Loya said.

He said that the irrigation department usually withdraws water gradually in late January and February and suggested that the sudden loss of water this year could shock the birds.

Hyderpur Wetland is located in Jansath Tehsil of Muzaffarnagar. Local Sub-Divisional Magistrate Abhishek (known by one name) said the irrigation department may have released wetland water into the Ganga under pressure from farmers who were complaining of water logging in their fields. He said that the department should have coordinated with the officials of the forest department to avoid panic among the birds. “I will discuss the matter with the irrigation and forest departments.”

An Environment Ministry official, requesting anonymity, said they were neither authorized nor informed about it.

An official of the Union Environment Ministry said, “We have written to the UP government to inquire about the matter.

Birds are shocked that a Ramsar site has been flooded, affecting the wetland’s rich ecology and biodiversity.

“Most of the birders from Delhi were visiting Hyderpur Wetland as it is an excellent birding site. Birding sites around Delhi NCR are getting degraded. Hyacinth growth is abundant in Bharatpur. Okhla. There was no water in the wetland until two months ago because there was some miscommunication between the forest and irrigation department. The only good site near Delhi is Hyderpur. I am wondering what event is so important that a high biodiversity habitat. had to be destroyed? It should be restored immediately,” said Nikhil Dewasar, Delhi-based birder and coordinator of the Delhi Bird Foundation.

“I can’t believe it has been washed away. Hyderpur is one of the most spectacular bird sites in the country. It is a Ramsar site which means it is of national importance. 300 different species of birds. There are species that have been documented in wetlands. Clearing wetlands is against the Ramsar Convention,” said Anand Arya, bird and environmentalist.

Loya identified 327 bird species in the wetland, of which 200 species are migratory, including rarities such as simu, common pochard, ferruginous duck, great-crested grebe and red-crested pochard.

Dr. Afifullah Khan, professor of wildlife department at Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), said that the Wildlife Act and the Wetland Act have banned extraction of water from wetlands and before doing so, the Irrigation Department must consult the Forest Department. Should have coordinated with

Dr Khan said that the dry wetland will have a negative impact on the flora and fauna and the overall environment. He said that a group of swamp deer also lives in the wetland and in such conditions they will be forced to migrate. “Such disturbances can force migrants and other birds to change their destination during the next migration season.”

“This is an annual exercise… we drain the accumulated water every year in the month of January. Farmers were also being forced to release water to deal with the water logging in their fields. We did not know. That it is now a Ramsar site and what are its rules and regulations. No one has discussed it with us so far,” said Piyush Balyan, junior engineer, irrigation department, Bijnor Barrage.

According to the Ramsar Convention website, Hyderpur is a man-made wetland created in 1984 by the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on the Ganges floodplain. It is located within the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary.

Hyderpur Wetland provides habitat for numerous animal and plant species, including over 30 plant species, over 300 bird species including 102 waterfowl, over 40 fish and over ten mammal species. Included. Hyderpur also supports more than 15 globally threatened species, such as the critically endangered gharia, hog deer, black-bellied tern, Indian skimmer and golden mahseer.

The site supports at least 25,000 waterfowl, and serves as a breeding ground for the near-endangered Indian Grassbird.

In total, there are 75 Ramsar sites in India. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental agreement that provides a framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Under the Convention, Parties agree to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands. Designate suitable wetlands for the list of wetlands of international importance and ensure their effective management; Collaborate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.


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