Hair loss is a biological process that follows a cycle of hair growth and shedding. hair loss Occurs when the balance between hair growth and shedding is disturbed. By the age of 40, about 30 percent of men experience hair loss and women experience a widening of the center of the scalp that can begin as early as age 30 and the most common changes are: Thinning of hair and loss of hair growth.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. BL Jangad, dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon at South Delhi’s SkinCure Clinic, explained, “Your hormones are behind these concerns. The effect of hormones at the age of 20-25 may begin which depends on the genetic component. So, if the genetic component is strong, the hormonal action on the hair is very aggressive. Therefore, by the age of 40, one notices 40-50% hair loss. may take which may be more dependent on hormone action.
He added, “Most hair loss is due to male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness. Hair loss in men due to hormones affects the front, top and middle part, and hair loss in women. Hair loss occurs on the top and crown of the head. Other problems that can cause hair loss include hair loss due to stress, hair loss and hair loss due to the use of certain medications, and Scalp diseases are involved.It is also possible that at the age of 35-40, you may develop conditions like thyroid, diabetes or high blood pressure which can lead to hair loss or hair changes.
Dr Shireen Furtado, Consultant – Medical and Cosmetic Dermatology at Aster CMI Hospital, highlighted, “The medical term for hair loss is alopecia. Within gender, males are more prone to a familial pattern of hair loss called androgenic alopecia. “Over 50% of women experience hair loss, most of which is nutritionally related. Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the female genetic equivalent of male pattern hair loss.” Accordingly, the reasons are:
- Jeans – Genetically, some individuals are more prone to visible patterned hair loss. Sometimes it can even skip a generation.
- Hormonal changes – Can cause baldness in adulthood such as PCOS or in later years.
- Menopause – When estrogen levels drop during menopause, it can trigger FPHL.
- Toxic substances, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and certain medications.
- Procedures such as hair straightening can also cause hair loss and recent studies have also shown the adverse effects of these hair straightening products on the kidney – AKI – acute kidney injury.
Hair loss treatment:
Dr. BL Jungad advises that if one has any internal problem or disease, get it treated in time, if the hair loss is due to any deficiency then it should be addressed with supplements or medicines. If the hair loss is caused by hormones, there are medications like Minoxidil, Finasteride that can help treat the condition. But take these medicines after consulting your dermatologist. In addition, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be an adjunctive therapy to control hair loss and thinning.
“It is also very important to understand that at the age of 35-40, we cannot give aggressive drugs, i.e. anti-hormonal drugs, because very few people will be planning to have children and these drugs are not safe,” he insisted. There may be sexual side effects. So the problem this age group may face is that aggressive drugs are not possible, and the treatment process is already delayed. So it is advised that Be prompt and detect hair problems at an early stage.”
According to Dr. Shereen Furtado, when hair loss is caused by physical stress such as disease, ageing, genetics, or injury, it is difficult to prevent it, but the right hair supplements can greatly help prevent hair loss and growth. . “By eating a nutritious diet that includes essential nutrients in the form of vitamins, minerals and protein, you can prevent certain types of hair loss,” he said. Can alter growth.
Hair care routine and tips that can help:
For men, Dr BL Jungad advises to keep their hair short as they can take better care of it. For women with long hair, she advises, “Wash hair on alternate days. Apply a mild non-greasy hair oil. For dandruff sufferers, use a sulfate-based shampoo as it’s the best cleanser, though wash Hair will look frizzy afterwards, so use a good conditioner after shampooing. You can use a sulfate-free shampoo, which is a common cleanser and good for hair care, plus it Conditioner is usually not required with shampoo and is optional to use.”
“Avoid using heat on the tresses every day as it can seriously damage the hair cuticles,” he cautioned. If the hair is healthy, it will absorb all the shock, whether it’s heat or color. And if the hair is thick, and the cuticles are strong, then 50% damage will not affect the hair much. Also the scalp. Keep it clean, no need to use too much oil on the scalp. Also, a balanced diet is important not only for our body but also for our hair. Iron, vitamin, B12, protein, blood for folic acid deficiency. Supplements can be given based on the test.Furthermore, it is a myth that taking biotin will help with hair growth because there is no scientific evidence that claims that regular biotin intake through a healthy diet can help. After that you need to take additional supplements for hair growth. Biotin deficiency is actually very rare and can be controlled through a healthy balanced diet even in people with B. Biotin tablets are not recommended for those who are not deficient in biotin.
If one is noticing more than 100 hair loss in a day, a certified dermatologist should be consulted who can understand the cause of the hair loss, which could be from any of the above. Dr. BL Jungad concluded, “Those who suffer from hormonal hair loss have to take medication for life as the effect of hormones does not go away permanently but the problem is that less than 2% of hair loss occurs. People continue the treatment. As the results of pattern baldness come around 5 to 6 months, the drug should be continued for the prescribed period, but most people stop the drug within a few weeks or within 1-2 months because They may not see positive results or improvement in their condition. So, listen to your medical practitioner and continue with the treatment they prescribe.”