Epilepsy is a Nervous disorder This interrupts the activity of our brain as it sends messages through the cells and this sudden change in electrical activity often leads to epilepsy. Visits. These seizures can cause a person to make involuntary body movements, such as twitching or shaking, that can last for several minutes or cause a person to stare blankly.
Although seizures are not always an emergency, if the seizures last longer than 5 minutes, the person may need professional help. Seizures or convulsions can occur at any age due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain, resulting in uncontrolled motor activity and loss of consciousness, and one in ten will have a seizure at least once in their lifetime, with most Visits take place at home, office or home. Crowded places.
There are many types of seizures and most seizures are over within minutes or sometimes they can be longer but even though they look alarming, quick help can help the person having the seizure. Therefore, to prevent the risk of harm to an epileptic patient, people need to know important first aid measures before seeking medical help.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Kenny Ravish Rajiv, Consultant – Neurology and Epileptology, Easter CMI Hospital, Bangalore advises that to prevent any loss of life to an epileptic patient, you should You can do the following steps.
- Create an open space to enable the patient to breathe properly
- Make the person feel comfortable by loosening any tight clothing around their neck.
- Remove any sharp objects such as glass, mirrors or furniture that could injure the person.
- Offer support by staying with the person until the episode is over and placing a pillow or towel under them so they can’t hurt themselves.
- Track visit time and share details with doctor. A typical seizure lasts 20 seconds to 2 minutes.
- Look for emergency contacts in the person’s bag or wallet to reach their family members.
- Avoid holding anything between the person’s jaws or giving them anything to drink until they are fully recovered.
- Once the person has stopped moving, try to clear the airway by turning them to one side. This step is important because during a seizure the patient’s tongue retracts and their breathing stops. Therefore, once you’ve rolled the person onto their side, you should also try to position their jaw forward as this will help ensure proper breathing and help them recover after the seizure. Any food or vomit will come out of the mouth.
When talking about when you should call a doctor, she said, “While the signs and symptoms of a seizure can range from mild to severe, these symptoms usually go away within minutes.” He revealed that if you are noticing that these symptoms last for more than 5 minutes, you can call an ambulance based on the following symptoms.
- If the patient has a second seizure, immediately
- If the person is irresponsible after possession.
- If the patient has a high fever or heat exhaustion after the visit.
- People with other medical conditions, such as diabetes or pregnant women, are at higher risk, and you should rush to the nearest hospital if you see such a patient.
According to Dr Kranthi Mohan, consultant neurologist at BGS Gleneagles Global Hospital, Bengaluru, these are the things to ‘DO’ and help a patient who has any type of seizure:
- Keep yourself and others calm.
- Have the person rest on the floor and gently turn to one side. This will help the person to breathe.
- Clean the area around the person with anything hard or sharp. It can prevent injury.
- Place something soft and flat under his head, such as a folded jacket.
- Remove sunglasses, loosen a tie or anything around the neck that makes breathing difficult.
- Watch the seizure time and call an ambulance if it is longer than 5 minutes.
- Stay with the patient until the seizure ends or until they are fully awake and conscious.
- Comfort the person and explain what happened in simple terms.
- Check to see if the person is wearing a medical bracelet or other emergency information.
- Offer to call a taxi or someone else to make sure the person gets home safely.
The health expert insisted that the following are things people should “not” do when helping a person having a seizure:
- Do not hold the person or try to restrain their movements.
- Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. It can injure the teeth or jaw. A person having a seizure cannot swallow his tongue.
- Do not attempt mouth breathing (such as CPR). People usually start breathing again on their own after a seizure.
- Do not offer water or food to the person until they are fully awake.
Dr. Kranti Mohan recommends taking the patient to the nearest hospital or calling an ambulance if the person:
- Never had a seizure before.
- Difficulty breathing or waking up after a seizure.
- The visit lasts more than 5 minutes.
- A repeated visit immediately after the first.
- Sustained injury during seizures.
- If the seizure occurs in water.
- Diseases like diabetes, heart disease or pregnancy.
Finally, for the epileptic, Dr. Kranti Mohan suggests following these steps to prevent seizures:
- Do not miss your medication.
- Maintain a regular sleep cycle and exercise
- Avoid head injuries and falls.
- If you have a fever, get regular checkups.
- Avoid bright lights.
- Avoid driving, swimming and going to heights.