18.8 C
Monday, January 30, 2023

How to protect yourself from the cold wave? Dos and Don’ts for Adults This Winter

Health & FitnessHow to protect yourself from the cold wave? Dos and Don'ts for Adults This Winter

Epidemiological studies have shown more than Winter Mortality is particularly high in older age groups where older individuals, particularly men over 60 years of age, are less able to maintain core temperature during a given cold challenge than younger individuals. Exposure to cold temperatures and impaired thermoregulation can lead to a decrease in core temperature, with direct effects such as hypothermia (core temperature below 35°C) and indirect effects such as Frostbite, pneumonia and influenza.

The winter season brings with it a few challenges and health risks, especially for the elderly. We’re here to give you a list of tips and best practices to ensure you avoid common cold-related problems this winter.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Shahid Shafi, Consultant Internal Medicine, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals, suggested the following tips to protect against the adverse effects of cold on human health:

1. Stay warm by wearing appropriate layers of clothing and heating devices.

2. Stay active. Cold weather often keeps us indoors and limits physical exercise. It is related to bone loss. Simple exercises at home can prevent bone loss.

3. Stay hydrated. In cold weather, thirst is often reduced and the elderly consume less fluid. We have to make sure they are getting enough fluids.

4. Wear proper foot wear to prevent falls which can be dangerous in the elderly and cause hip and spine fractures.

5. Winter depression can be prevented by regular interaction with the elderly.

6. Nutritious Diet – A proper diet with good vitamin D is essential for maintaining good health.

Adding to the list of ways to protect yourself from a cold wave, Dr RR Dutta, HOD, Internal Medicine, Pars Hospitals, Gurugram recommends:

1. Seniors are generally encouraged to use heat radiators, dress in heavy fleece layers, or stay indoors during particularly cold weather to manage their ambient temperature as we age. As we age, our bodies become less able to tolerate low temperatures.

2. In order for the body to function smoothly and properly, it is very important to keep it active in addition to keeping it warm. Winter is the perfect season for long sleep times, but exercise and physical activity will help you sweat and flush away toxins while maintaining healthy skin.

3. Since the first parts of the body to feel cold are the fingers, ear lobes, toes and tip of the nose, it is advisable to wear gloves and warm hats to protect your head, ears and hands from the elements. Is. Before settling under extra covers, wear socks and pajamas with two layers.

4. Although many of us consider water to be our enemy during winters, it is important to keep the body hydrated. Dehydration can dehydrate the body because the air is already deficient in moisture. Moisturizers can also be used to maintain healthy skin.

5. Throughout the year, many of us crave something sweet after every meal, and this tendency increases dramatically in the winter, which can spike blood sugar levels and cause problems.

6. Winter is a time when many people become drowsy and lethargic, especially the elderly. However, it’s important to resist the urge to lie in bed all day and be active instead.

7. Anyone’s health can be affected by spending too much time outdoors in this cold weather, not just the elderly.

8. Since sunlight is the best source of vitamin D, get as much sun as possible. Although it may be tempting, warming yourself up and toasting can wake you up.

Dr. RR Dutta concluded, “We are all exposed to temperature extremes and air pollution that is causing mercury to drop rapidly and break previous records. Older people are particularly susceptible.” are because they catch infections more easily in a hostile environment and have to deal with worsening symptoms of comorbidities. This is due to the fact that older people lose body heat more quickly and are less aware of it. “There are times when the cold will come or their body temperature may suddenly drop below normal, resulting in hypothermia. This can lead to organ damage and cardiac arrest.”

(Tags translation) cold


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Check Out Our Other Content

Check Out Others: