It’s January. Kanth Awareness month and first it is important to note that hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are two conditions that affect the thyroid gland which is located in the neck. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, while hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces too much hormone.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Pallavi Patekar, consultant, internal medicine and diabetes specialist at Kokilabin Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital in Navi Mumbai, explained, “Both these conditions can cause multiple symptoms, including fatigue. , weight gain or loss, body changes, mood and energy levels, as well as difficulty sleeping. Treatment for both conditions usually involves medication or other treatments to help regulate hormone levels. “It is important to understand the difference between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in order to properly diagnose and treat them.”
He reveals, “Warning symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin and hair loss. Other symptoms can include depression, memory problems and difficulty concentrating. Some of the symptoms for hyperthyroidism include: Warning signs include sudden weight loss, increased appetite, fast heart rate and palpitations, fatigue and insomnia, irritability or restlessness, and muscle weakness. If you experience any of these symptoms for a long time Or if they worsen over time, it’s important to consult your doctor as soon as possible.
Dr. Mahesh Chavan, Consultant Endocrinology at Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai explains, “The thyroid gland controls every aspect of metabolism. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland’s ability to synthesize enough hormones is reduced. This in turn lowers the rate of metabolism, resulting in weight gain and slower bodily functions. Alternatively, when the gland synthesizes too much thyroid hormone, hyperthyroidism occurs. It is characterized by increased appetite, increased sweating, and weight loss. Hypothyroidism is characterized by fatigue, dry skin, and mood swings. There are medications to treat hypothyroidism. Medications are thyroid hormones that make the thyroid. is given daily to restore thyroid function. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with medications, radioactive iodine, or surgery.”