Joint replacement surgery involves replacing broken or damaged joint surfaces with artificial joints called prosthetic joints where the kneethe hip and shoulder joints are commonly replaced joints. Joint replacement surgery Beneficial in relieving pain and restoring your lost mobility.
In total knee replacement surgery, all three compartments (medial, lateral, patellofemoral) are replaced while in partial knee replacement surgery only the damaged compartment is replaced. Although knee replacement surgery has good results, there are some misconceptions about it.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Anup Khatri, Senior Consultant-Orthopedics at Global Hospital in Parel, Mumbai, dispels some of these myths and reveals the facts.
1. Myth: Bending the knee, climbing stairs, sitting cross-legged or sitting on the floor is not possible after knee replacement surgery.
Reality: Most prostheses in use today (HIGH FLEXION type) allow movement similar to that of a normal knee joint. It also allows patients to bend the knees, climb stairs, and sit cross-legged. It mainly depends on the quality of surgery and post-operative recovery.
2. Myth: After surgery, a few weeks of bed rest is required and it takes months to heal.
Reality: In fact, patients are able to walk the same day as surgery and most people return to their normal activities within a few weeks of surgery.
3. Myth: The metal in artificial knee implants can cause an allergic reaction in the body.
Reality: The metals used are inert and do not react with body tissues. Also known as gold knee are titanium alloy coated implants which are proven to be non-allergic and long lasting.
4. Myth: Surgery is not possible after the age of 65.
Reality: Age is not a limiting factor for surgery. As osteoarthritis is related to age-related wear and tear of cartilage, anyone can successfully undergo knee replacement even after the age of 65.
5. Myth: Surgery has a very low success rate.
Reality: Research shows that knee replacement surgery has a 95 percent success rate in most patients. After surgery, people are able to carry out their daily activities comfortably and without pain.
6. Myth: Lifelong physiotherapy is required after surgery and recovery is slow.
Reality: Long-term physiotherapy is not required. Exercises taught in the hospital can be done at home. After joint replacement surgery, patients recover faster and patients can be discharged from the hospital in 3 days due to the latest minimally invasive surgical techniques. Preconditioning also helps, improving patients’ nutritional status and muscle strength before surgery and following up after surgery.
However, like any other surgery, this surgery has some benefits and risks. It is always best to clarify any misconceptions by consulting your doctor.