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Monday, January 30, 2023

Prostate Cancer: Early Detection Symptoms and Prevention Tips

Health & FitnessProstate Cancer: Early Detection Symptoms and Prevention Tips

In 2030, the worldwide burden Prostate cancer 1.7 million new cases and 4,99,000 new deaths are expected due to population growth and aging alone as prostate cancer becomes a major. Health A problem in the industrialized world during the last decades of the 21st century, accounting for 3/4 of all registered cases worldwide. Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in the world and the sixth leading cause of cancer death in men globally.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in older men between the ages of 65 and 70, and about four hundred thousand men die of prostate cancer each year. It is estimated that one in four to five men over the age of 70 will develop prostate cancer, so the incidence will continue to rise. Early-stage diseases are more common than late-stage diseases. .

Therefore, prostate cancer has a very low mortality rate with a 10-year survival rate of approximately 98%. The incidence of prostate cancer in the community has increased due to longer life expectancy in men.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. TB Yuraja, Head Robotic Surgery and Consultant Surgical Uro-Oncology at Kokilabin Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, said, “In the past, it was believed that the prevalence of prostate cancer in India was Western. countries. But with increasing migration of rural people to urban areas, changing lifestyles, increased awareness, and easier access to medical facilities, more cases of prostate cancer are being diagnosed, and It is becoming increasingly apparent that our prostate cancer rates are not far behind Western countries.”

“In recent years, the indications for genetic testing in prostate cancer have expanded from patients with a family history of prostate cancer to those with advanced castration-resistant disease, and even prostate cancer,” he added. To determine the appropriateness of active surveillance for early patients with . Germline genetic testing is strongly recommended for patients with advanced/metastatic prostate cancer, especially given the impact on the choice of targeted therapy.

“Our ultimate goal is to prevent men from getting prostate cancer in the first place. In recent decades, there have been significant improvements in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer. This is certainly an encouraging sign for prostate cancer,” emphasized the health expert. Time is ticking with all the new treatment options that are emerging. However, if current trends continue, this disease could become a major public health problem.”

Early detection symptoms:

According to Dr. Pritam Kumar Jain, senior consultant oncologist and hematologist at Massena Hospital in Mumbai, screening is the process of detecting cancer before people develop symptoms. “Screening can help detect cancers at an early stage, when they are more likely to be treatable,” he advises. “If prostate cancer is discovered because of screening, it may be that The earlier the stage, the more treatable it may be. However, note that there may still be problems surrounding the screening process even if it appears that prostate cancer screening is always beneficial. Thus. , it is unclear whether the benefits of the screening process outweigh the risks for most men.

Bringing his expertise to bear on the same, Dr Santoshi Nagonkar, Director of Urology, Director of Urological Oncology and Director of Robotic Surgery at Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital in Mumbai said, “The most common form of cancer in men is prostate cancer. Eg. As people get older, this cancer occurs more often. Stages 1 and 2 are theoretically curable at this time, but stages 3 and 4 are advanced (uncurable). PSA blood test to diagnose this cancer The same blood test is used to screen people who have already been treated.

He insists, “It goes without saying that a PSA blood test, a visit to a urologist, and any additional radiological scans recommended by the doctor will be included in the follow-up evaluation with the PSA blood test. Prostate cancer in its early stages, more may not show symptoms According to them, early symptoms of prostate cancer may include the following;

1. Inability to urinate.

2. Slow, irregular flow of urine

Reasons:

Dr. Pritam Kumar Jain explained, “Prostate cancer is very common after the age of 70 due to major hormonal changes in the body. Emergence of Dihydrotestosterone in the body is a very strong predictor of high growth of prostate cancer. Older men , patients who have prostate cancer today are also at greater risk of early detection due to the increased incidence of benign hypertrophy or prostate cancer that is later diagnosed as well as screening and other methods are used. Because of this, some have much better rates or outcomes, with the majority of people living longer.”

Dr Santoshi Nagonkar said, “In the post-Covid era, many patients were delayed in diagnosis, leading to many developing advanced disease. Furthermore, those who did not undergo any treatment , including radiation, hormones, or chemotherapy, their medical care was delayed because patients with covid were prioritized. Short PSA doubling times (sub 3 months) indicated an aggressive form of the disease and cancer patients. I need more regular PSA tests.

Prevention tips:

Dr. Pritam Kumar Jain highlights, “There is no surefire way to prevent prostate cancer. Many risk factors, including age, race, and family history, are uncontrollable. However, there are some things you can do to prevent prostate cancer. Things you can do to reduce your risk. Avoiding cancer risk factors can help prevent certain cancers. Obesity, lifestyle choices such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and lack of exercise are all possible. Risk factors.Increasing protective factors such as quitting smoking and exercising may also help prevent certain cancers.

He added, “There is no sure way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Certain risk factors are irreversible such as age, personal history, family history and genetic susceptibility. However, there are studies that can be controlled for.” Reversible risk factors can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.” Some of them are as follows:

1. Healthy lifestyle

2. Regular exercise, such as 20 minutes a day, 5 days a week

3. Avoid obesity.

4. Maintain body mass index

5. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables

6. Foods rich in antioxidants

7. The diet is low in dairy products and calcium.

8. Avoid a diet high in red and processed meat.

9. Some studies suggest that drugs that block 5-alpha reductase inhibitors and aspirin may reduce the risk of prostate cancer and its mortality.

10. Spotting the early signs of a prostate problem can make you smarter. Recurrence of symptoms, incomplete voiding of urine, nocturia, may be possible signs of prostate related problems.

11. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, those who come after you are at risk for prostate cancer, at least a decade earlier. Knowing this genetic susceptibility, you will have to be vigilant as you age.

12. New genetic studies are in the pipeline for a better understanding of prostate cancer. Mutational analysis such as BRCA and HRR testing are now being recommended in prostate cancer patients.

Dr. Santoshi Nagonkar highlighted, “Prostate cancer progresses relatively slowly among all malignancies. Therefore, periodic PSA testing is part of the routine evaluation for these patients at three-month intervals.” Patients who have completed their treatment (surgical removal) or are undergoing any type of treatment (hormonal or chemotherapy).

Sharing his expert advice, he suggested the following precautions.

1. Maintain an ideal weight: Obesity may increase the aggressiveness of prostate cancer. In general, shedding pounds and keeping them off as you age can help reduce your chances of cancer and other diseases.

2. Regular Exercise: In addition to helping you achieve a healthy weight, exercise can help fight some of the negative health effects of a sedentary lifestyle, reduce inflammation, and boost immune function.

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