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Sunday, January 29, 2023

Sepsis in Diabetic Patients: Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention and Treatment

Health & FitnessSepsis in Diabetic Patients: Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention and Treatment

Sepsis is a dysregulated host response to anything. Infectionthat is, it is an extreme reaction of the human body against an infection and can be fatal. Every human body gets infections but the way the human body reacts to any infection is individual, it depends on their immunity, nutrition, vital organisms etc. and patients with good immune system. Fight and respond quickly.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Bharesh Didhya, Chief, Department of Critical Care at PD Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Center in Khar, talked about whether patients Diabetes There is a high risk of sepsis and said, “Patients with diabetes are at high risk of infection and this can develop into sepsis, because they have a congenitally weakened immune system. Due to low immunity , their response to any infection – such as UTI, pneumonia or diabetic foot is asymmetric. With this the infection spreads from one organ to several organs and the body’s inappropriate response to the infection causes sepsis.

Risk factors for sepsis in diabetes

According to Dr. Mansi Dandnaik, intensive care specialist and consultant at KD Hospital in Ahmedabad, the greatest risk of sepsis is when the immune system is low. He shared, “Patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes with uncontrolled diabetes are at high risk for sepsis. Additionally, patients with affected organs and chronic medical conditions are also at high risk for sepsis. Diabetics have kidney failure or cardiac dysfunction, which can eventually lead to sepsis in multiple organs from the affected organ. When a person has uncontrolled sugar levels for a long time, bacteria can spread rapidly and Grow up.

Precautions and Treatment:

Giving some precautions, Dr. Mansi Dundanyak advises, “Controlling sugar levels, regular monitoring of sugar levels is important. With controlled sugar, immunity and response to infection is better. When you have your Any changes in normal routines like bowel health, loss of appetite, urination etc. A patient with diabetes and uncontrolled sugar levels should keep a close eye on their symptoms and not ignore any minor infection like eye infection. Infection, UTI, minor injuries etc.”

As for treatment, he highlighted, “Depending on the severity of the situation, the treating physician may opt for antimicrobial therapy or antibiotic dosing to treat the infection. Today, we have advanced antibiotics. are effective against various types of bacteria and infections. Moreover, over-prescribed antibiotics can worsen the patient’s health. Therefore, depending on the patient’s sugar level, the doctor prescribes appropriate antibiotics. and may suggest IV fluids. As part of treatment, the doctor may also opt for source control such as ensuring adequate drainage for accumulated pus/infection.”

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