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Friday, February 3, 2023

The government is taking steps to stop the water in Hyderpur wetland.

World NewsIndia NewsThe government is taking steps to stop the water in Hyderpur wetland.

NEW DELHI: Uttar Pradesh should immediately stop further drainage of the Hyderpur wetland and ensure that dewatering of the protected Ramsar site for agricultural purposes is done only when migratory birds visit it. Do not build nests at the site, the Union Ministry of Environment has instructed.

In response to a report published by the Hindustan Times on January 21, which said that the Uttar Pradesh Irrigation Department had drained the Hyderpur wetland, allowing tens of thousands of migratory birds to migrate to western Uttar Pradesh. The most prominent migratory birds in the state have been forced to leave their nests, environment ministry officials said, adding that they have issued instructions to the state government to prevent further withdrawal of water.

State officials had admitted that the drainage was done under pressure from farmers who complained of water logging in their fields due to high groundwater levels.

“We have received a response from the divisional forest officers concerned with the approach of the Irrigation Department, which is reportedly the co-administrator of the site,” the environment ministry said in its reply to HT. “The diverse aquatic habitat thrives with life forms and provides an important habitat for migratory waterfowl, of which more than 300 birds migrate during the winter season between late February and mid-March. species included. Based on the above, necessary directives are being issued to the state government. To prevent further drainage and thereafter plan similar as per the Ramsar Information System according to the migratory pattern of the birds. has been told.

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Taking note of the Union Ministry’s directive, Uttar Pradesh Minister of State (Jal Shakti Department), Dinesh Khattak said: “The Irrigation Department has been directed to withhold water from wetlands to provide essential nutrients for migratory birds. Water can be made available.”

Hyderpur Wetland is a Ramsar site on the border of Muzaffarnagar and Bijnor districts of Uttar Pradesh, a wetland of international importance. Ramsar sites are covered by the Wetland Rules, 2017, which require maintaining the ecological integrity of wetlands. The key to wetlands is water, but also wetland vegetation. Experts said that depending on factors such as rainfall, although wetlands may dry up temporarily, deliberately draining them goes against the core value of wetland laws.

Due to sudden inundation of the wetland, thousands of migratory birds left the wetland last week. The irrigation department drained the wetland in two days starting January 10, according to Ashish Loya, a birder and a visitor to the wetland every day for the past six years. “As a result, migrants and other birds fly away,” Loya said.

Normally the state’s irrigation department gradually withdraws water in late January and February, Loya said, adding that the sudden loss of water this year could shock the birds.

According to the Ramsar Convention website, Hyderpur is a man-made wetland created in 1984 by the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on the floodplain of the Ganges River. It is located within the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary.

Hyderpur Wetland provides habitat for numerous animal and plant species, including more than 30 species of plants, more than 300 species of birds, including 102 waterfowl, more than 40 species of fish and more than 10 More mammalian species are included. Hyderpur also supports more than 15 globally threatened species, such as the critically endangered gharial, hog deer, black-bellied tern, Indian skimmer and golden mahseer.

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The site supports at least 25,000 waterfowl, and serves as a breeding ground for the near-endangered Indian Grassbird.

In total, there are 75 Ramsar sites in India. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental agreement that provides a framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.

Under the Convention, Parties agree to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands. Designate suitable wetlands for the list of wetlands of international importance and ensure their effective management; Collaborate internationally on wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.

(Tags to Translate) Hyderabad Wetland

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