High cholesterol can do a lot of damage to your body and while there may be no symptoms at first, over time, many parts of our body begin to show excessive symptoms. Cholesterol. Dangerously high amounts of this waxy substance can put us in serious danger. Heart attack Or not to mention strokes and an array of health problems that occur after fatty deposits develop in the blood vessels. These deposits can also obstruct the flow of blood in the arteries and lead to the formation of clots, which can lead to a heart attack. Cholesterol in itself is not bad and our body naturally produces enough of it to take care of various important functions. (Also read: (High Cholesterol: Effective Lifestyle Changes to Lower Cholesterol in Winter)
What is cholesterol?
“Cholesterol is essential to your health. It’s a waxy substance that’s important for many body functions and travels through your bloodstream. Normally, healthy arteries, which are blood vessels which carry blood from your heart, nourishing your body’s tissues. But cholesterol, along with other fats and substances, can build up plaque on the walls of your arteries — a process called atherosclerosis. More People with high cholesterol are at risk of atherosclerosis, which can narrow the arteries and reduce blood flow to tissues,” says Dr Smriti Hindria- Consultant Cardiac Surgeon at Ruby Hall Clinic.
When Cholesterol Becomes Deadly
“Cholesterol is an important part of the human body, but elevated cholesterol levels can be dangerous. How do we know when our cholesterol levels are dangerously high? To understand this, first It is important to understand that cholesterol levels are dangerously elevated. There are two types of cholesterol – HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein). They are also known as good and bad cholesterol. “Cholesterol is HDL which is responsible for many important functions in the body. Production of hormones and vitamin D. Bad cholesterol, which is LDL, starts to accumulate in the arteries and cause complications,” Dr. Mayank Arora, Consultant Internal Medicine, Manipal Hospital, Ghaziabad.
High cholesterol can have a variety of symptoms, and they can vary depending on the specific part of the body affected. If your cholesterol level is too high, it will start showing up in your eyes, skin, and sometimes even on your tongue. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of excess cholesterol in the legs, eyes and tongue.
Symptoms of high cholesterol in the legs
“One of the most common symptoms of high cholesterol in the legs is a condition called claudication. This occurs when the blood vessels in the legs become narrowed or blocked due to a buildup of cholesterol and other substances. As a result, Pain in the legs. Or pain may occur during physical activity such as walking. The pain usually improves with rest, but can be severe enough to limit a person’s ability to exercise or do other activities. Limit it,” says Dr. Aditya S Chote, Senior Consultant – Internal Medicine, Fortis. Hospital, Cunningham Road, Bangalore.
“Building up in the arteries in your legs and feet can cause a condition called peripheral artery disease (PAD). Leg pain during physical activity is a common symptom of PAD. Other symptoms include swelling in your legs and feet. Physical changes in the feet include, often in the nails and skin. A common symptom of PAD is a type of muscle pain called claudication, which can include pain, cramping, numbness, and fatigue. This pain occurs with walking or other physical activity. Legs, but can also be in the butt, hip, thigh, calf or foot. The pain is usually in the muscles where the arteries are blocked by cholesterol and fat deposits. Even when resting—and it can persist,” says Dr. Hindria.
“People with PAD may have smooth, shiny skin. Your leg hair may fall out, or it may grow very slowly. You may also notice that your skin changes color. . It may be darker than usual (hyperpigmented). Other times, it may turn blue (called cyanosis). You may notice that your feet are cool or cold to the touch. PAD With, you may notice changes in the toenails. The toenails may grow more slowly or become thickened, deformed, or discolored (dystrophic nails), Dr. Hindria adds.
Reduced muscle mass, or muscle atrophy, can result from PAD. Poor blood flow can damage cells, tissues, and nerves, causing sores (ulcers) to form on the skin, especially if the injury is small. These lesions may also be slow and difficult to heal and may form in areas affected by PAD.
Symptoms of high cholesterol in the eyes
Another part of the body that can be affected by high cholesterol is the eyes. High cholesterol can lead to the development of xanthelasmas, which are yellowish deposits of fat that can appear on the eyelids.
“These deposits can be unsightly and can be mistaken for a skin condition, but they are benign and usually cause no symptoms. However, in some cases, xanthelasmas can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition. can, such as hyperlipidemia, and should be evaluated by a health care professional,” says Dr. Choate.
“If we talk about the eyes, orange or yellow spots appear on the skin under the eyes, these are the symptoms of increased cholesterol in the body, if this happens, the doctor should be contacted immediately. Cholesterol Spots do not appear suddenly. It is a slow process, when the cholesterol level in the body increases, it begins to appear on the outer parts of the body. It does not affect the patient’s vision, but high cholesterol affects the patient’s vision. The formation of yellowish-white spots above and below the eyes. In medical terms, this is called arcus seniles and it is mostly affected after the age of 35,” says Dr. Arora.
High cholesterol can also affect the retinal vessels. The retina is a light-sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye. It receives blood supply through retinal artery and retinal vein.
“When the lipid breaks down and blocks the vein, the condition is known as retinal vein occlusion. When the artery becomes blocked, the condition is called retinal artery occlusion, also known as stroke. is called.
Symptoms of this condition are changes in vision in one eye, blurred vision in one eye, dark lines or spots in vision (floaters) and pain in the affected eye. High cholesterol can be present in the eye in the form of arcus seniles. In this condition, a white, blue, or gray ring forms around the cornea because cholesterol builds up in the cornea. The ring appears around the colored part of the eye or the iris. Although you may think that the iris has two colors, it is only one color. But the ring doesn’t affect your vision,” says Dr. Hindria.
Symptoms of Cholesterol in Tongue
High cholesterol can also affect the tongue. A condition called hairy tongue can occur when the small spots on the surface of the tongue (papillae) grow and become discolored.
“These changes can make the tongue hairy, and its color can vary from white to black. A hairy tongue is not harmful; however, it can cause bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth,” says Dr. Choti. It can,” says Dr. Choti.
“The tip of the tongue has a purplish-blue color or it can be a blood clot on the tip. The sublingual veins are black or crooked and thick,” says Dr. Hindria.
“The arteries of the body are responsible for delivering nutrients and oxygen to different parts of the body, but the accumulation of cholesterol can cause obstruction in these arteries. This reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the body. Feet and Fingernails, and the skin starts to change color. These symptoms can sometimes be felt on the tongue as well. The tongue may turn yellow or the nerves of the tongue may turn blue,” says Dr. Arora.
All of these symptoms can be caused by other conditions and should be properly diagnosed, Dr. Choate says.
“High cholesterol can also be asymptomatic, meaning it doesn’t show any visible signs or symptoms, which is why it’s important to monitor cholesterol levels through regular checkups, and following a healthy lifestyle.” Take steps to help prevent high cholesterol, including eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking,” says Dr. Choate.